Applications of tapioca starch
Tapioca starch is widely used in food formulations, such as baking products, as well as in the production of extruded small foods and cassava beads. Modified starch or starch derivatives have been used as thickeners, adhesives, expansion agents and stabilizers, and are also the best extenders, sweeteners, flavoring carriers and fat substitutes. Foods using Thai cassava starch include canned food, frozen food, dry mixed food, baked food, small food, seasoning, soup, sausage, dairy products, meat and fish products and baby food.
Modified starch is used as colloid stabilizer in beverages containing solid ingredients. In beverages, cassava starch sweetener is superior to sucrose, because the former improves the processing process and strengthens the product characteristics, and can fully meet consumer needs when combined with other sweeteners. The high hydrolysis syrup formed by hydrolysis of cassava starch is an ideal source of easily fermentable sugar in beer brewing.
Cassava starch and various modified starches have many uses in candy production, such as gelling, thickening, stabilizing system, enhancing foaming, controlling crystallization, bonding, film forming, and adding luster. Low viscosity tapioca starch is widely used in gelatinized candies, such as jelly and chewing gum. The most commonly used is acid hydrolyzed starch, because it has excellent reversibility and gelling ability, and these characteristics are more significant in the presence of sugar. Dry starch is used as release agent in confectionery. Starch based glycans enable the production of sugar free chewing gum.
Cassava starch based syrup can be produced at low cost through acidolysis or enzymolysis, so it can be used as raw material to produce various chemicals, such as sodium glutamate, amino acids, organic acids, ethanol, ketones, vitamins and antibiotics.
Adhesives and glues
Cassava starch dextrin is an excellent adhesive with a wide range of applications, including corrugated cardboard, paper bags, plywood, gummed paper, adhesive tape, labels, stamps and envelopes.
The application of modified starch in paper industry can improve paper quality, productivity and pulp utilization. Cationic starch is used to flocculate pulp and improve the wet end dehydration efficiency, which results in higher paper machine speed and higher pulp utilization. The starch retained on the finished paper can be used as an internal sizing agent to increase the strength of the paper. Low viscosity starch, such as oxidized starch, can be used as surface sizing agent to improve paper strength and improve ink absorption during printing and writing. Modified starch is also used as adhesive in pigment coating to produce smooth and white high-grade paper.
In order to improve textile efficiency in textile industry, cassava starch is often used as sizing agent to harden and protect yarn; Used as finishing agent to produce smooth fabrics; Used as a toner to obtain clear, durable printed fabrics. For textile applications, it is better to use starch with light cooking.
Drugs and cosmetics
Cassava starch and modified starch can be used as adhesives, extenders and disintegrants in the production of tablets. The specially modified starch can be used as the carrier of emollients, which are usually mineral oil-based substances. Other modified starch can be used as emulsifier, capsule sealing agent (vitamin), setting agent (hair mousse) and thickening agent (shampoo